A word from the Chapter President

EAA 186 Members and Friends:

COVID-19 is going to be with us for a while and we can’t risk anyone’s health by prematurely restarting our organized activities. Therefore, regular programs and organized activities remain suspended until further notice.

Suspended in-person activities include the following:

•• Young Eagle Flights
•• Monthly Membership Gatherings (Zoom Only)
•• YE Fly and Build (YouTube Only)
•• Deck BBQs
•• Monthly Board Meetings (Zoom Only)
•• IMC-VMC Club Meetings (Zoom Only)

We will comply with any City requirements, but as long as Manassas Airport remains open, our chapter members will have access to the tools crib and other supplies/equipment. We will let everyone know if and when this situation changes.

Stay safe,

Sande Miller-Long President, EAA Chapter 186

All Young Eagle Flights Cancelled Until Further Notice

During the ongoing covid-19 pandemic all Young Eagle events have been cancelled. This includes Young Eagle rallies and private Young Eagle flights. We will resume flights as scheduled when it is safe and we have been cleared by the city to do so. Hopefully, in the near future.

Young Eagles RC Build and Fly Update

Young Eagles RC Build and Fly Update
Mike Walpole, mswalpole@hotmail.com

The Young Eagles Build and Fly Project continues its progress on the LT-440. Our most recent efforts have focused on the wings and framing the fuselage, vertical and horizontal stabilizer and both wing panels. Also, a second transmitter has been acquired so a buddy box system will be set up. Video of how that works will follow soon. Even if social distancing continues this summer, the possibility of some flying sessions with our Young Eagles exists

In Session 4 we covered the horizontal stab, elevator, vertical stab and rudder. Plus we hinged the rudder and elevator.

In Session 5 we managed to cover the bottom of the wing. First we covered the trailing edge and the underside of the wing tips. Then we worked around the aileron control horns and the servo tray. Then we covered the bottom wing sections.

In our last session (6) we went over what we’ve done so far and finish covering the the wing.

Next up we’ll cover the ailerons and get them hinged to the wing. Date to be determined.

Build Session 6: June 18, 2020 https://youtu.be/M2Gv0vEWKV4
Build Session 5: June 10, 2020 https://youtu.be/jg0uKai-y-8
Build Session 4: May 31, 2020 https://youtu.be/ToEVF5b9cQw
Build Session 3: May 19, 2020 https://youtu.be/Nl_z0OUYF_g
Build Session 2: May 13, 2020 https://youtu.be/W001jToHrq0
Build Session 1: May 5, 2020 https://youtu.be/S9Ff8EfcpR8
Status Update: Apr 21, 2020 https://youtu.be/-8-thQHuNlE

NOTE: We’d like to get more Young Eagles involved so we’re going to try to set up the next build session as a Zoom meeting. If you are interested in participating, contact Mike Walpole and let him know.

Members Only Section has new Password

Changes to the Members Only section of this website includes a new password protection system as well as the most current Chapter 186 Membership roster in Excel format. Contact Sande Miller-Long for access. President@eaa186.org

From the Chapter President

The drumbeat of sometimes contradictory Executive Orders continues, the latest being a new order effective Friday, June 5, that moves most of Virginia into “Phase Two” of Virginia’s response to the coronavirus pandemic.
However, we’re expecting/hoping that we will enter
Phase 2 by the time you read this.

The announcement of this has resulted in several emails from Chapter members wanting to know what it means for the Chapter House generally for personal use—and, more specifically, if it means we can hold our next Membership meeting or
Young Eagles rally there.

The short answers: “not much,” and “no.”

According to Executive Order 65 for Phase 2, “public and private social clubs may reopen, provided such establishments abide by the gathering ban in section B, paragraph 2 of this
Order and comply with the Guidelines for All Business Sectors.”

This essentially put several limits on in-person gatherings, including the number of people in attendance, keeps meetings as short as possible, and requires using physical distancing practices. Phase 2 also includes routine cleaning and disinfection of high contact areas and hard surfaces, including entrance push/pull pads, door knobs/handles, tables/chairs, light switches, handrails, restrooms, floors, and equipment every hour during a meeting.

Other aspects of the previous Phase 1 executive order that would remain in effect include maintaining physical distances of six feet from others not in your household; a recommendation that face coverings be worn around others, and a requirement that they be worn in the bathroom; and a prohibition on anyone with a fever or Covid-19 symptoms occupying the premises.

While under Phase 2 the state has increased the maximum size of gatherings in any one location to 50, from the previous 10. We neither expect nor handle any gathering of that size on the premises given the limitations. At least not now and
certainly not indoors.

As a result, the use of the Chapter House for large indoor gatherings and Young Eagle rallies will remain closed for the foreseeable future. We are, however, making plans to hold an outdoor event, including a BBQ and aircraft wash, provided we do make it into Phase 2 and we can meet all the

Now for some brighter news! Kevin Rychlik has donated 70 mahogany aircraft models to the Chapter with the proceeds going towards our Young Eagles program. Most are helicopters, but some are airplanes and will be offered for sale to
Chapter members first at a discount before being listed on eBay. Models include Air Force One, Marine One, several military and law enforcement helicopters and airplanes, as well as a few jet aircraft. Please contact me for more details!


Young Eagles: Rolling without Ailerons

From Mary Dominiak

Last time, we talked about all airplanes having EARs that pilots can move to make the plane go up or down (Elevators); roll around to the left or right (Ailerons); and yaw or swing its nose to the left or right (Rudders). But the very first powered airplane, the Wright brothers’ famous 1903 Flyer, didn’t have ailerons, so – how did they get it to roll?

The brothers knew they had to figure out a controllable way to roll. They already knew that the shape of a wing affected its lift, so if there was a way to change that shape in flight, maybe you could get your plane to roll by increasing lift on one side while decreasing it on the other. But how to do that? Toying one day with an empty box from a bicycle inner tube, Wilbur Wright realized that by bending or twisting the ends of the box in opposite directions at the same time, he could warp the box around its center point. So why not build wings with that same kind of flexible box structure, with cables attached at each end so you could pull on the cable to warp or twist the tip of one wing in one direction, while bending the tip of the other wing in the opposite direction? Wing-warping was born!

Would you like to build your own wing-warping demonstrator? You can find instructions – where else? – right on YouTube! Here’s a link: https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKdPpPrzhBk. All it takes are things you probably have at home, such as cardboard, toothpicks, string, glue, and some basic tools.

Better yet: would you like to build and test fly your own Wright Flyer? You can do that online at Engineering the Wright Way, over on the Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum website! It’s going to take a while for you to do it all, but you can save your work and pick up where you left off each time until you finish. When you’re finished, you even get to test out your plane in the flight simulator. So even if we can’t take you on Young Eagles flights right now, you can build and fly your own historic plane right here: https:// airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/wright-brothers/ online/workshop/.

2020 Ray Scholarship

Ray Scholar Selected!

Chapter 186 is happy to announce that Seth Kissel is our 2020 selection for the Ray Aviation Scholarship. Seth is 16 and has been a consistent volunteer at chapter events and has experienced over 15 Young Eagle flights. This is a grant for $10,000 toward the costs of Private Pilot License training. Chapter 186 was selected again this year by EAA Headquarters to award this scholarship to a flight training candidate aged 16 to 19 as part of the Ray Aviation Foundation’s grant of $1.5 million to the EAA. Our 2019 Ray Scholar, Carter Allain, completed his Private Pilot checkride in January 2020.

The Ray Scholarship process began in January with our chapter’s application to EAA Headquarters for approval as a Ray Scholarship chapter. Once approved, we sent out a questionnaire in March to potential flight training candidates asking for input regarding their interest in aviation, chapter participation level and accomplishments toward flight training preparation. We had many competitive candidates with varying levels of chapter participation, previous flight training and ground school training. We plan to apply again next January to be approved again to grant a scholarship in 2021.

The $10,000 is paid out in three installments. The initial installment of $4,000 gets the scholar started with flight training. The second installment of $4,000 is made after the scholar solos. The final $2,000 is made upon passing the Private Pilot written exam. The scholar and family make the decision on which flight school to use. The Chapter 186 Scholarship Coordinator will meet with the flight school to follow up on the scholar’s progress and keep the funds flowing.

Bob Prange
Scholarship Coordinator
Young Eagles Co-Coordinator

See you soon,
Bob Prange
EAA Chapter 186 Scholarship Coordinator

Flight Training and Flight Operations

The Department of Aviation, in consultation with the Governor’s Policy Office, offers to the aviation community advice on what kinds of pilot training operations are consistent with Executive Orders 53 and 55. The following dual-pilot activities are allowed:

  • Bi-annual flight reviews, instrument proficiency checks (IPC), and other currency checks to ensure pilots continue to meet flight proficiency requirements. However, for purely recreational pilots, the Commonwealth strongly encourages delaying any dual instruction, including bi-annual reviews, until the orders are lifted. Recreational flying is not substantially different from other recreational activities limited by the Executive Orders.
  • Training leading to an instrument rating, where the student either uses the aircraft for business travel or is preparing for a career as a professional pilot.
  • Training required to obtain or to remain current in advanced ratings – CFI, CFII, MEI, Commercial, ATP, type rating, or multi-engine.

Single-pilot operations are allowed by the orders. This includes solo flights for any Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) rating. It includes all flights where the six-foot separation between persons called for in Executive Order 55 is maintained, or where the exceptions to the rule for family members or members of a household apply.

Not all flight training meets the criteria for essential services. For the purpose of this guidance, except as provided above, dual training for individuals not employed as pilots, including recreational pilots, shall cease until Executive Orders 53 and 55 expire or are rescinded. Exceptions for volunteers participating in relief missions will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

All Virginia flight schools shall adhere to strict policies and precautions to protect the health of both instructor and student. Common sense for the protection and wellbeing of people participating in flight training is essential. Flight schools must follow best practices to clean all interior surfaces of any aircraft being used for training or lease before each pilot uses the aircraft, as well as exterior doors, inspection plates, and other surfaces likely to be touched by a pilo

Young Eagles: Did You Know All Airplanes Have EARs?

We’re really sorry that the coronavirus restrictions mean we can’t fly Young Eagles right now. Alas, we just can’t maintain minimum 6-foot social distancing in a small airplane cockpit!

But that doesn’t mean we can’t offer some airplane education while we’re grounded. So, how about a little challenge for our junior aviators this month?

Did you guys know that all airplanes – have EARs?

Now, these aren’t the EARs you’re probably thinking of. They’re not like human ears, or dog ears, or cat ears, or horse ears. For one thing, airplanes don’t use their EARs to *hear.* Instead, they use them to go up or down, and to roll or turn left or right. That’s because an airplane’s EARs are its Elevators, Ailerons, and Rudders!

Because airplanes come in a lot of different designs, an airplane’s EARs can look very different, depending on the plane. Can you spot the EARs on different planes?

You can think of Elevators acting like the elevators in buildings; they make the plane go up or down. Sometimes they’re on the front end of the plane, on a small forward wing called a canard (in French, “canard” means “duck,” and the name stuck because people thought those early planes looked like a duck in flight, with their necks stuck straight out ahead of them!). The original Wright Flyer in 1903 had its elevators on a canard, for example. Some super-fun homebuilt planes designed by Burt Rutan, including the Vari-Eze and Cozy, for example, also had canards. Most of the time, though, a plane’s elevators are at the back, on the horizontal part (that’s the flat bit, often called the “horizontal stabilizer”) of the tail.

Ailerons (another French word, this time meaning “little wings”) are moveable parts on the outside back edges of an airplane’s wings. They always act opposite to each other: if you want the airplane to roll toward its right side, when you move the yoke or the stick to the right, the aileron on the right wing angles up, reducing the lift on that wing, while the aileron on the left wing angles down, increasing the lift on the left wing. Hey presto, the airplane rolls down and over to the right, with its left wing going up! Reverse the yoke or stick, and the ailerons reverse their motion, too, angling down on the right and up on the left, making the airplane roll over toward the left. Whee!

The Rudder controls what we call “yaw:” the way the nose of the plane swings either left or right. It’s a vertical control surface on the airplane’s tail. A pilot uses the rudder together with the ailerons when she or he wants to turn the plane; we call that a “coordinated turn.” Just think; it makes sense to have the nose go the way you want it to, while also having the wings track with that turn. That way, you can stay in level flight, not losing or gaining altitude while you turn.

So: now that you know about an airplane’s EARs, can you spot them on different planes? And here’s a REAL challenge: since the original 1903 Wright flyer DIDN’T have ailerons, can you explain how the very first airplane ever managed to fly *without* EARs?

We’ll include the answer next month!

Mary Dominiak

Ray Aviation Scholarship

Before the end of April Chapter 186 will select a recipient for the Ray Aviation Scholarship for 2020. The scholar will receive a grant for up to $10,000 toward Private Pilot training. Scholarship hopefuls have submitted answers to our questionnaire that was sent out in early March.

In light of the current difficulties with scheduling an appointment to obtain an FAA medical certificate, we will address that requirement after we select a scholar.

With flight schools closed during the virus pandemic, we will continue to assess when our scholar should actually register his/her application with EAA headquarters. Keeping in mind the grant requires completion of the Private Pilot training within 12 months of the first installment, we need to be careful not to start the 12-month clock before flight training is available.

Please contact me with any questions.

Bob Prange
EAA Chapter 186
Scholarship Coordinator